Sun spots, also called “liver spots” or “old age spots,” are flat brown spots on sun-exposed areas. When exposed to sunlight, one’s skin’s melanocytes increase production of brown pigment, resulting in flat brown spots on one’s face, neck shoulders, chest, arms, hands, and other sun-exposed areas. Sun spots can darken with increased UV exposure and lighten with less UV exposure. A mineral sunscreen, containing titanium or zinc oxide, is the best way to prevent sun spots from developing or worsening.
Sun spots can be treated at home with topical treatments, such as hydroquinone, Retin-A, kojic acid, and 4-hexyresorcinol. These are found in cream or gel form and must only be used under the care of a dermatologist. In the office, sun spots can be treated with chemical peels, microdermabrasion, or photofacials (IPL, or Intense Pulse Light). All these treatments are done in a series, spaced one month apart, with maintenance treatments scheduled every year thereafter.After all treatments, it is important to use a mineral sunscreen to maintain one’s results.
With the vast number of cosmetic procedures available to you, let us help you select the ones that are best for you. We offer cosmetic consultations to help you look your very best. Call (408) 356-1000 to schedule your consultation or request an appointment.
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